• Users Online: 246
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 347-352

Comparison of the efficacy of oral methylcobalamin tablets vs. nasal spray (NASO B12) in diabetic patients on metformin therapy

Department of Pharmacology, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru 560002, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Syed Salman Farookh
Department of Pharmacology, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru 560002, Karnataka
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jod.jod_92_22

Rights and Permissions

Context: Metformin is known to increase in the risk of developing vitamin B12 deficiency. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of nasal spray of methylcobalamin (NASO B12) and methylcobalamin tablets for treating vitamin B12 deficiency in diabetic patients receiving metformin. Materials and Methods: In this parallel-group, comparative, open-label clinical study, patients (n = 100) were assigned to two groups: nasal spray of methylcobalamin (NASO B12) (methylcobalamin 250 µg/spray), sprayed in each nostril every alternate day for a total of seven doses (Group 1: a total of 3500 µg methylcobalamin per patient) and oral methylcobalamin tablets, a single daily dose of 1500 µg for a total of seven doses (Group 2: a total of 10,500 µg methylcobalamin per patient). The assessment of efficacy was carried out by measuring serum vitamin B12 levels at baseline, day 7, and day 14. Statistical Analysis Used: The analysis used is Student’s unpaired t-test. Results: NASO B12 treatment resulted in vitamin B12 levels of ≥400 pg/mL (recently updated normal levels as per American Academy of Family Physicians) in 86% and 92% of patients, on day 7 and day 14, respectively, whereas no patient attained ≥400 pg/mL with oral therapy. NASO B12 therapy resulted in higher mean vitamin B12 levels of 485.88 and 570.16 pg/mL when compared with 172.26 and 185.44 pg/mL with oral tablets on day 7 and day 14, respectively. Conclusion: NASO B12 provided much superior absorption of vitamin B12 when compared with oral vitamin B12 tablets and can be used as an effective alternative.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded57    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal