• Users Online: 4324
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 159-165

Prevalence estimation of diabetes mellitus among tuberculosis cases, its risk factors, and treatment outcome in Rajkot city

Community Medicine Department, P. D. U. Government Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harsha M Solanki
Department of Community Medicine, P. D. U. Government Medical College, Rajkot 360001, Gujarat
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jod.jod_5_22

Rights and Permissions

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are the world’s leading public health issues. TB with DM co-morbidity adversely affects prognosis of individual diseases and its treatment outcome. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at five TB units of Rajkot city for five quarters. Newly registered pulmonary TB (PTB) patients having DM during the study period were included as cases. All cases were followed up at the end of treatment to observe outcomes. Information was collected in a pretested proforma using the interview technique. Results: The prevalence of DM among PTB cases was 5%. Maximum cases were in 51–60 years (34.4%), male: female ratio was 3:1, living in urban slum (53.1%), literate (81.2%), and from middle socio-economic class (65.6%). One-fourth of the cases had family (28.1%) and past history (28.1%) of TB, and more than one-third (37.5%) of the cases had family history of DM. All cases were on daily drug adherence, and most of them (83%) were on regular follow-up. Significant association was observed with urban slum (P = 0.03) and family history of diabetes (P = 0.04) among cases. At the end of continuation phase, 82.8% of the cases were cured and 4.7% of the cases had completed treatment. Conclusion: The study reported 5% of DM among newly registered TB cases and family history of DM as its significant risk factor.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded71    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal