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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 357-362

Frequency of sexual dysfunction in women with diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional multicenter study

1 Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, ISRA University, Karachi, Pakistan
2 Race and Opportunity Lab, Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, MO, USA
3 Researcher & Consultant Statistician, Isra University, Karachi, Pakistan
4 Department of Ophthalmology, Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Isra University, Karachi Campus, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shabeen Naz Masood
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, ISRA University, Karachi-Campus.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JOD.JOD_31_21

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Objectives: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) with chronic diseases such as diabetes has received little attention globally. The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of sexual dysfunction (SD) in women with diabetes; an aspect of female health that has not been explored in our population. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional observational study using non-probability convenient purposive sampling technique was carried out at three health facilities of Karachi, for a duration of 1 year. One hundred women with diabetes who consented to participate in the study were included. Pregnant, divorced, widowed, and unmarried females were excluded. Modified female sexual function index (FSFI) was used to gather information. Results: Out of 100 women, 88 women with diabetes completed the interviewer-based modified FSFI survey questionnaire. Among 88 women, 38 (43.2%) reported to have SD, whereas 50 (56.8%) were found to have no significant sexual issues. Partner’s age and occupation were significantly associated with FSD. All parameters of modified FSFI, i.e., sexual desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, and dyspareunia, were significantly associated (P < 0.001) with diabetes. Conclusion: Women with diabetes are at increased risk of SD and often do not volunteer information about their sexual issues. The most common cause of SD was dyspareunia, followed by lubrication, orgasm, lack of sexual arousal, and sexual desire. The healthcare providers should be aware to initiate and facilitate the discussion and need to develop their own comfort to talk about sexual issues.

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