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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 344-349

Living with type 2 diabetes in COVID-19: Exploring the challenges faced


1 Society for Prevention and Awareness of Diabetes, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India; Department of Endocrinology, Regency Center for Diabetes Endocrinology and Research, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Society for Prevention and Awareness of Diabetes, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Independent Researcher
4 Department of Endocrinology, Regency Center for Diabetes Endocrinology and Research, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Neha Agarwal
Department of Endocrinology, Regency Center for Diabetes Endocrinology and Research, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JOD.JOD_28_21

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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic seems to have influenced lifestyle behaviors and diabetes self-management practices. The aim of the present study is to determine the impact of psychological stress on various lifestyle behaviors, diabetes self-management practices, and glycemic control among Indian adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D), amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study. The data pertaining to psychological stress, lifestyle behaviors, diabetes self-management practices, and glycemic control were collected at two time-points (before and after lockdown). Results: A total of 252 T2D patients (145 males, 57.5%) with mean age 51.2 ± 9.8 years and mean diabetes duration of 8.5 ± 6.3 years participated in the study. A statistically significant decrease in body mass index (27.68 vs. 27.22 kg/m2; P < 0.0001) and an increase in HbA1c was noted in the post-lockdown period (8.31% vs. 8.70%; P < 0.0001). The mean Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) score was 19.3 ± 11.6. No significant correlation of mean IES-R score was observed with the age of the participants (r =−0.077, P = 0.224) and diabetes duration (r = 0.002, P = 0.970). Female gender (mean rank 140.4; P = 0.007) and co-existing hypertension (mean rank 132.18; P = 0.016) were associated with significantly higher IES-R score. No impact of total IES-R score was seen on the various lifestyle behaviors, diabetes self-management practices, and glycemic control. Conclusion: Psychological stress was higher among female gender and those with co-existing hypertension. Further, glycemic control worsened despite preserved diabetes self-management practices.


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