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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 1

Assessment of factors relating to screening of diabetes complications in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus during follow up: A descriptive study in Sri Lanka

1 Department of Medicine, University of Sri Jayewardenepura
2 National Hospital of Sri Lanka

Correspondence Address:
G.N.D Perera
Lecturer,Department of Medicine, University of Sri Jayewardenepura

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Diabetes is a growing epidemic disease in the world and the associated micro and macrovascular complications cause significant morbidity and mortality. We conducted a descriptive cross sectional study to evaluate the adequacy of screening and to identify the factors relating to poor diabetes complication screening in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients during follow ups. We have included patients with type 2 DM, admitted to a medical unit in a tertiary care center. Study was conducted from September 1 to October 31, 2012. The study participants were interviewed using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Patients were examined to assess microvascular complications, macro vascular complications, BMI and blood pressure. All patients had FBS, lipid profile, Urine albumin estimation and renal function testing. Screening performed during their follow up was assessed during the interview. There were 147 patients (81 males and 66 females) with an average age of 58.5 ± 9yrs. There were 97 (65.9%) patients who followed up at National Hospital of Sri Lanka (NHSL). Majority (n=133, 90.5%) were given disease education during follow up. Out of the total, 23(15.6%) were using SMBG while only 69(46.9%) had at least one HbA1c performed in the preceding year. Patients following up at NHSL had lower BMI, better glycaemic control, better lipid values and had received better microvascular complication screening. Follow up at a hospital other than NHSL was associated with poor microvascular complication screening. Female gender and increasing age was associated with poor retinopathy screening. Microvascular complication screening is suboptimal and the adherence to guidelines depends on the healthcare facility of follow up, sex and age of the patient. There is an urgent need to educate medical practitioners and patients on proper diabetes care.

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